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MEXICO - United Mexican States, Estados Unidos Mexicanos



National or official language: Spanish
Other spoken languages: • Mayan
• Nahuatl
• other regional indigenous languages
Literacy: Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 92.2%
male: 94%
female: 90.5% (2003 est.)


Population: 104,959,594 (July 2004 est.)
Structure: 0-14 years: 31.6% (male 16,913,290; female 16,228,552)
15-64 years: 62.9% (male 31,975,391; female 34,090,440)
65 years and over: 5.5% (male 2,618,713; female 3,133,208) (2004 est.)
Ethnic groups: mestizo (Amerindian-Spanish) 60%, Amerindian or predominantly Amerindian 30%, white 9%, other 1%
Religions: nominally Roman Catholic 89%, Protestant 6%, other 5%


Currency: Mexican peso (MXN)

Major exports 2002 % of total Major imports 2002 % of total
Manufactures 86.1 Intermediate goods 75.8
Maquiladora 47.0 Maquiladora 34.5
Oil 11.3 Consumer goods 12.6
Agricultural products 2.3 Capital goods 11.9
Leading markets 2002 % of total Leading suppliers 2002 % of total
87.6 US 68.0
Canada 1.8 China 6.1
Germany 1.2 Japan 4.9
Spain 0.9 Germany 4.0

GDP (US$ bn; market exchange rate)
626.1 Real GDP growth 2.4
GDP (US$ bn; PPP) 954.9(b) Real domestic demand growth 2.8
GDP per head (US$; market exchange rate) 6,036 Inflation 8.3
GDP per head (US$; purchasing power parity) 9,207(b) FDI inflows/GDP 2.8


Government type: federal republic
Capital: Mexico (Distrito Federal)
Independence: 16 September 1810 (from Spain)
National holiday: Independence Day, 16 September (1810)
Legal system: mixture of US constitutional theory and civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations
Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

For more information visit:

Ethnologue - Language background on MEXICO
Country trivias - MEXICO
Economics - MEXICO

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